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VIETNAM: Hanoi Airport Adopts Streamlined Online Customs Processing System

Following the completion of a three-year pilot programme, official approval has now been granted for the country’s Aviation National Single Window (ANSW) and automated customs management systems to formally go into service at Hanoi’s Noi Bai International Airport in May this year.

Essentially, the ANSW is an online data-sharing system that allows domestic and international airline operators to electronically submit all relevant air freight-related data (e-manifests) and e-airway bills to the country’s customs authorities prior to dispatch. Previously, air freight carriers had to supply customs officials with individual paper-based records and airway bills for every flight.

For its part, the automated customs management system is a one-stop cargo clearance service, a development that frees importers, exporters and warehouse operators from the need to liaise with multiple government agencies. At the same time, it allows standardised customs forms to be submitted electronically.

The adoption of both systems is expected to streamline manual data entry and cargo clearance procedures, while also providing businesses with 24-hour online access to transit/clearance updates. According to the customs department, the adoption of the integrated system will reduce the clearance time for goods from 3-6 hours to an average of 15 minutes. In order to facilitate this, airlines are obliged to submit cargo-related information at least three hours prior to landing in the case of long-haul flight and 30 minutes before their scheduled arrival for shorter journeys.

In another plus, the integrated system is also expected to help curb corruption by minimising contact between businesses and customs officials. In addition, by freeing airport customs officials from the need to physically inspect all cargo, the integrated system is expected to allow more time to be spent on suspect consignments, a move designed to counter trade fraud, smuggling and the illegal transit of goods.

Content provided by Picture: HKTDC Research
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