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Canada Adopts Stricter Energy Efficiency Standards for Heating/Ventilation Products

The Canadian government has adopted more stringent mandatory energy performance standards, testing standards and reporting requirements for a range of heating and ventilation products, including furnaces, boilers, water heaters, fireplaces and ventilators. These regulatory amendments are designed to (i) introduce minimum energy performance standards, labelling and reporting requirements for seven new product categories; (ii) introduce more stringent minimum energy performance standards and/or update testing standards for four currently regulated product categories; and (iii) introduce labelling and reporting requirements for one new product category. Expected to result in an annual reduction of 1.36 megatonnes of greenhouse gas emissions by 2040, these amendments will enter into force on 12 December.

Key provisions of the rule are summarised below.

  • Electric Furnaces. For electric furnaces manufactured on or after 3 July 2019, minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) applicable to the electrical consumption of a furnace fan will be set at levels that will apply on that same date in the United States. Performance will be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States.
  • Commercial Gas Boilers. For commercial gas boilers manufactured on or after 1 January 2025, the MEPS will be set at condensing technology levels and performance will be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States.
  • Gas-Fired Instantaneous Water Heaters. For household and commercial instantaneous gas-fired water heaters manufactured on or after 1 January 2020 and 1 July 2023, respectively, the MEPS will be set at condensing technology levels equivalent to current ENERGY STAR performance levels. Performance will be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States.
  • Oil-Fired Boilers. For commercial oil-fired boilers manufactured on or after 1 January 2025, the MEPS will be set at levels in the U.S. Department of Energy pre-published final rule on 28 December 2016. Performance will be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States.
  • Electric Water Heaters. For commercial electric water heaters manufactured on or after 1 January 2020, the MEPS will be set at levels that are currently in place in the United States and performance will be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States.
  • Gas-Fired Storage Water Heaters. For commercial gas-fired storage water heaters manufactured on or after 1 January 2023, the MEPS will be set at (i) levels that are currently in place in the United States, in the case of residential-duty commercial units marked as replacement units; and (ii) condensing technology levels, in the case of all other products. Performance will be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States.
  • Oil-Fired Water Heaters. For commercial oil-fired water heaters manufactured on or after 1 January 2020, the MEPS will be set at levels that are currently in place in the United States and performance will be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States.
  • Gas Boilers. For household gas boilers intended for hot water systems that are manufactured on or after 1 July 2023, the MEPS will be set at the condensing technology level equivalent to the current ENERGY STAR performance level. For household gas boilers intended for steam systems manufactured on or after 15 January 2021, the MEPS will be set at levels that will apply on that same date in the United States. Performance will be measured in accordance with an updated testing standard aligned with that of the United States.
  • Gas Fireplaces. For heating gas fireplaces manufactured on or after 1 January 2020, MEPS and prescriptive requirements will be adopted for pilots. For decorative gas fireplaces manufactured on or after 1 January 2020, prescriptive requirements will be adopted for pilots and combustion air. The requirements are designed to achieve similar outcomes as those that apply in British Columbia since 1 January 2019, with differences resulting from the use of more prescriptive requirements for decorative gas fireplaces than those in British Columbia.
  • Gas Furnaces. For gas furnaces manufactured on or after 3 July 2019, the exclusion given to gas furnaces for mobile homes will be removed and an exclusion will be added for park model trailers. Additionally, the annual fuel use efficiency MEPS will be increased to the current ENERGY STAR performance level, except those that are through the wall (which will remain at 90 percent AFUE) or gas furnaces that are marked for use in a relocatable building or as a replacement furnace in a manufactured home. Performance will be measured in accordance with an updated testing standard aligned with that of the United States.
  • Oil-Fired Boilers. For household oil-fired boilers manufactured on or after 15 January 2021, the MEPS will be set at levels that will apply on that same date in the United States. The existing testing standards are also being updated but will remain aligned with those of the United States.
  • Ventilators. For heat-recovery ventilators and energy-recovery ventilators manufactured on or after 1 January 2020, the submission of energy efficiency reports and importation reports will be required. Performance will be measured in accordance with testing standards currently required for ENERGY STAR certification.
Content provided by Picture: HKTDC Research
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