15 March 2016
China Releases Draft Outline of 13th Five-Year Plan
Livelihood issues steal the spotlight in the draft outline of the 13th Five-Year Plan on National Economic and Social Development of China, released during the on-going 4th Session of the 12th National People’s Congress.
The draft outline throws out more comprehensive contents, more concrete targets and more specific directions on people's livelihood matters.
Clear days more than 80%
Development of urban air quality standards, reducing the number of heavy pollution days on ground level and above by 25% and aiming at having more than 80% of good air quality days; stepping up efforts in the control of black and odorous waters; classification and prevention of soil pollution.
Improving pension schemes, develop home care of elderly
Building up adjustment mechanism in basic pension; working for nationwide workers' basic pension, improving employees’ old-age insurance personal accounts system; establishing a multi-layer home care of the elderly system.
Optimising supply and demand structure, guarantee home for all
Building a government-led housing system providing basic guarantee of homes, and at the same time a market-oriented system to meet multi-level needs, optimising the structure of housing supply and demand.
Strengthening flexible and new forms of employment
Implementing a more proactive employment policy, focusing on resolving the structural conflict in employment; strengthening government support for flexible and new forms of employment.
Increasing coverage of pre-school education, promote balanced development of education
Setting up a unified urban-rural compulsory education funds safeguard mechanism with focus on the rural areas; encouraging the full coverage of pre-school education; raising the gross enrollment rate of three-year pre-school education to 85%.
Significant increase in low-income workers' income
Developing sound and scientific mechanisms of wage determination and normal growth; developing a sound mechanism of (income) redistribution, raising the proportion of middle-income population; regulating income distribution.
Basic protection for rural poor
Offering basic protection for rural poverty population, guaranteeing food, clothing, education, basic healthcare and housing
Universal access to basic medical and health care services
Reforming medical insurance payment system, maintaining health care costs at a reasonable level; offering access to primary health care services in less than 30 minutes; full implementation of Internet Plus health benefit services.
No barrier for household registration in urban areas
Large and medium-sized cities are prohibited from erecting barriers for household registration (or hokou) by imposing conditions such as purchase of property, investment, tax and points system; advancing the granting of urban residence permits to people who have resided in cities for a specified period of time without household registration.
Improving rail, roads and airports
The targets are to have high-speed rail covering more than 80% of big cities, more than 50 new airports, and newly-added urban rail transit mileage of about 3,000 km.