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China’s Cryptography Law Comes into Force in 2020

The Cryptography Law of the People’s Republic of China, adopted recently by the 14th Session of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, will come into force on 1 January 2020. The Law is enacted for the purpose of regulating cryptography application and administration, promoting cryptographic development, and guaranteeing cyber and information security.

For the purpose of this law, ‘cryptography’ refers to technologies, products and services that make use of specific methods of conversion for encryption protection or information security certification. The state shall encourage and support cryptographic science and technology research and application, protect intellectual property in the cryptography field according to the law, and promote the progress of and innovation in cryptographic science and technology.

The Cryptography Law classifies cryptography into core cryptography, ordinary cryptography and commercial cryptography. Core cryptography and ordinary cryptography shall be used to protect state secrets and shall be strictly and uniformly administered by the cryptographic administrative authorities in accordance with law. Commercial cryptography shall be used to protect information other than state secrets. Citizens, legal persons and other organisations may use commercial cryptography according to law.

Source: National People’s Congress

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