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Anti-dumping Actions

Commodity: steel ropes and cables including locked coil ropes, excluding ropes and cables of stainless steel, with a maximum cross-sectional dimension exceeding 3 mm, currently falling within CN codes ex 7312 10 81, ex 7312 10 83, ex 7312 10 85, ex 7312 10 89 and ex 7312 10 98 (TARIC codes 7312 10 81 11, 7312 10 81 12, 7312 10 81 13, 7312 10 81 19, 7312 10 83 11, 7312 10 83 12, 7312 10 83 13, 7312 10 83 19, 7312 10 85 11, 7312 10 85 12, 7312 10 85 13, 7312 10 85 19, 7312 10 89 11, 7312 10 89 12, 7312 10 89 13, 7312 10 89 19, 7312 10 98 11, 7312 10 98 12, 7312 10 98 13 and 7312 10 98 19). This product description is set out in Article 1 of Council Implementing Regulation 102/2012.
Countries/Economies: The Chinese mainland, Ukraine, Morocco, Moldova, the Republic of Korea.
Action: On 19 May 2016, the Official Journal published a notice of the impending expiry of certain anti-dumping measures, namely, those targeting imports into the EU of steel ropes and cables from the abovementioned countries. The Commission has given notice that, unless a review is initiated in accordance with the following procedure, the anti-dumping measures will expire on 10 February 2017. Union producers may lodge a written request for a review. This request must contain sufficient evidence that the expiry of the measures would be likely to result in a continuation or recurrence of dumping and injury. Should the Commission decide to review the measures concerned, importers, exporters, representatives of the exporting country and Union producers will then be provided with the opportunity to amplify, rebut or comment on the matters set out in the review request.
Dates: Union producers may submit a written request for a review on the abovementioned basis, to reach the European Commission at any time from the date of the publication of the notice but no later than three months before 10 February 2017.

Commodity: Certain flat rolled products of iron, non-alloy steel or other alloy steel (not including stainless steel), whether or not in coils (including products cut-to-length and ‘narrow strip’), not further worked than hot-rolled (Hot-rolled flat), not clad, plated or coated, excluding grain-oriented silicon electrical steel, currently falling within CN codes 7208 10 00, 7208 25 00, 7208 26 00, 7208 27 00, 7208 36 00, 7208 37 00, 7208 38 00, 7208 39 00, 7208 40 00, 7208 52 99, 7208 53 90, 7208 54 00, 7211 14 00, 7211 19 00, 7225 19 10, 7225 30 10, 7225 30 30, 7225 30 90, 7225 40 12, 7225 40 15, ex 7225 40 60, 7225 40 90, 7226 19 10, ex 7226 20 00, 7226 91 20, 7226 91 91 and 7226 91 99.
Countries/Economies: The Chinese mainland.
Action: On 13 May 2016, the Official Journal published a notice of initiation of an anti-subsidy proceeding concerning imports of certain hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel originating in the Chinese mainland. The European Commission received a complaint alleging that imports of the product concerned are being subsidised and are thereby causing material injury to the Union industry. The complaint was lodged on 31 March 2016 by The European Steel Association (EUROFER) (‘the complainant’) on behalf of producers said to be representing more than 25% of the total Union production of the product concerned. The prima facie evidence provided by the complainant apparently shows that the producers of the product under investigation from the Chinese mainland have benefitted from a number of subsidies granted by its Government. The complainant is said to have provided evidence that imports of the product under investigation from the Chinese mainland have increased overall in absolute terms and in terms of market share at a significant rate indicating the likelihood of substantially increased imports. Moreover, it is alleged that imports are entering the Union at prices that have already had, among other consequences, a negative impact on the level of the sales prices, quantities sold, market share and profits of the Union industry. Furthermore, the complainant has apparently provided prima facie evidence that there is sufficient freely disposable capacity in the Chinese mainland, and also that there is an imminent and substantial increase in such capacity indicating the likelihood of substantially increased imports. It is also alleged that the flow of subsidised imports is likely to substantially rise due to decreasing domestic consumption in the country concerned and the recent trade defence measures imposed and investigations recently initiated on imports of similar products in traditional markets other than the Union. This is said to indicate a likelihood of a redirection of exports from these markets to the Union leading to a substantial increase of subsidised imports. The complainant argues that while inventories do not appear to have increased, this is the result of constantly decreasing export prices and slowing domestic demand, which urges the exporting producers from the Chinese mainland to liquidate immediately their production and even existing stocks fearing stock devaluation. It is alleged that the change in circumstances outlined above is clearly foreseen and imminent and material injury would occur due to the imminent further subsidised imports. The Commission envisages using the sampling procedure.
Dates: Subject to the provisions of the notice, all interested parties have been invited to make their views known, submit information and provide supporting evidence. Unless otherwise specified, this information and supporting evidence must reach the Commission within 37 days of the date of publication of the notice in the Official Journal. All interested parties may request to be heard by the Commission investigation services. Any request to be heard should be made in writing and should specify the reasons for the request. For hearings on issues pertaining to the initial stage of the investigation the request must be submitted within 15 days of the date of publication of the notice. Thereafter, a request to be heard must be submitted within the specific deadlines set by the Commission in its communication with the parties. The investigation will be concluded within 13 months of the date of publication of the notice. Provisional measures may be imposed no later than nine months from the publication of the notice.

Commodity: Coated fine paper which is paper or paperboard coated on one or both sides (excluding kraft paper or kraft paperboard), in either sheet or rolls, and with a weight of 70 g/m2 or more but not exceeding 400 g/m2 and brightness of more than 84 (measured according to ISO 2470-1), currently falling within CN codes ex 4810 13 00, ex 4810 14 00, ex 4810 19 00, ex 4810 22 00, ex 4810 29 30, ex 4810 29 80, ex 4810 99 10 and ex 4810 99 80 (TARIC codes 4810130020, 4810140020, 4810190020, 4810220020, 4810293020, 4810298020, 4810991020 and 4810998020). For exclusions from the product scope, please see the notice of initiation of an expiry review - anti-dumping measures.
Countries/Economies: The Chinese mainland.
Action: On 13 May 2016, the Official Journal published a notice of initiation of an expiry review of the anti-dumping measures applicable to imports of certain coated fine paper originating in the Chinese mainland. Following the publication of a notice of impending expiry of the anti-dumping measures in force, the European Commission received a request for an expiry review. The request was lodged on 12 February 2016 by five EU producers (Arctic Paper Grycksbo AB, Burgo Group SpA, Fedrigoni SpA, Lecta Group and Sappi Europe SA), jointly referred to as the ‘applicant’, said to be representing more than 25% of the total Union production of certain coated fine paper. The measures currently in force are a definitive anti-dumping duty imposed by Council Implementing Regulation 451/2011. The request is based on the grounds that the expiry of the measures would be likely to result in recurrence of dumping and recurrence of injury to the Union industry. The applicant established normal value on the basis of the prices actually paid or payable for coated fine paper in a market economy third country, namely the USA. The allegation of likelihood of recurrence of dumping is based on a comparison of the normal value thus established with the export price (at ex-works level) of the product under review originating in the Chinese mainland when sold for export to Brazil, in view of the current absence of significant import volumes from the Chinese mainland to the Union. The applicant alleges the likelihood of recurrence of injury. In this respect the applicant is said to have provided prima facie evidence that, should measures be allowed to lapse, the current import level of the product under review from the Chinese mainland to the Union is likely to increase due to the existence of unused capacity in the Chinese mainland, because the Union market is still attractive in terms of volume and prices, and because other third countries have trade defence measures against the product under review. The applicant finally alleges that the removal of injury has been mainly due to the existence of measures and that any recurrence of substantial imports at dumped prices from the Chinese mainland would likely lead to a recurrence of injury to the Union industry should measures be allowed to lapse. Exporting producers of the product under review from the Chinese mainland, including those that did not cooperate in the investigation leading to the measures in force, are invited to participate in the Commission investigation. The Commission envisages using the sampling procedure.
Dates: Subject to the provisions of the notice, all interested parties have been invited to make their views known, submit information and provide supporting evidence. Unless otherwise specified, this information and supporting evidence must reach the Commission within 37 days of the date of publication of the notice in the Official Journal. All interested parties may request to be heard by the Commission investigation services. Any request to be heard must be made in writing and must specify the reasons for the request. For hearings on issues pertaining to the initial stage of the investigation the request must be submitted within 15 days of the date of publication of this notice. Thereafter, a request to be heard must be submitted within the specific deadlines set by the Commission in its communication with the parties. The investigation will be concluded within 15 months of the date of publication of the notice.

Commodity: Coated fine paper which is paper or paperboard coated on one or both sides (excluding kraft paper or kraft paperboard), in either sheet or rolls, and with a weight of 70 g/m2 or more but not exceeding 400 g/m2 and brightness of more than 84 (measured according to ISO 2470-1), currently falling within CN codes ex 4810 13 00, ex 4810 14 00, ex 4810 19 00, ex 4810 22 00, ex 4810 29 30, ex 4810 29 80, ex 4810 99 10 and ex 4810 99 80 (TARIC codes 4810130020, 4810140020, 4810190020, 4810220020, 4810293020, 4810298020, 4810991020 and 4810998020). For exclusions from the product scope, please see the notice of initiation of an expiry review - countervailing measures.
Countries/Economies: The Chinese mainland.
Action: On 13 May 2016, the Official Journal published a notice of initiation of an expiry review of the countervailing measures applicable to imports of certain coated fine paper originating in the Chinese mainland. Following the publication of a notice of impending expiry of the countervailing measures in force, the European Commission received a request for an expiry review. The request was lodged on 12 February 2016 by five EU producers (Arctic Paper Grycksbo AB, Burgo Group SpA, Fedrigoni SpA, Lecta Group and Sappi Europe SA), jointly referred to as the ‘applicant’, said to be representing more than 25% of the total Union production of certain coated fine paper. The measures currently in force are a definitive countervailing duty imposed by Council Implementing Regulation 452/2011. The request is based on the grounds that the expiry of the measures would be likely to result in a continuation of subsidisation and a recurrence of injury to the Union industry. The applicant is said to have provided evidence that the producers of the product under review in the Chinese mainland have benefitted and are likely to continue to benefit from a number of subsidies granted by the Government of the Chinese mainland and regional and local governments in the Chinese mainland. The applicant also alleges the likelihood of recurrence of injury. In this respect the applicant has provided, it is stated, prima facie evidence that, should measures be allowed to lapse, the current import level of the product under review from the Chinese mainland to the Union is likely to increase due to the existence of unused capacity in the Chinese mainland, because the Union market is still attractive in terms of volume and prices, and because other third countries have trade defence measures against the product under review. The applicant finally alleges that the removal of injury has been mainly due to the existence of measures and that any recurrence of substantial imports at subsidised prices from the Chinese mainland would likely lead to a recurrence of injury to the Union industry should measures be allowed to lapse. The Commission envisages using the sampling procedure.
Dates: Subject to the provisions of the notice, all interested parties have been invited to make their views known, submit information and provide supporting evidence. Unless otherwise specified, this information and supporting evidence must reach the Commission within 37 days of the date of publication of the notice in the Official Journal. All interested parties may request to be heard by the Commission investigation services. Any request to be heard must be made in writing and must specify the reasons for the request. For hearings on issues pertaining to the initial stage of the investigation the request must be submitted within 15 days of the date of publication of the notice. Thereafter, a request to be heard must be submitted within the specific deadlines set by the Commission in its communication with the parties. The investigation will be concluded within 15 months of the date of publication of the notice in the Official Journal.

Commodity: certain ring binder mechanisms currently falling within CN code ex 8305 10 00. For the purposes of Article 1 of the new Regulation outlined below, ring binder mechanisms shall consist of two steel sheets or wires with at least four half-rings made of steel wire fixed on them and which are kept together by a steel cover. They can be opened either by pulling the half rings or with a small steel trigger mechanism fixed to the ring binder mechanism.
Countries/Economies: The Chinese mainland.
Action: On 12 May 2016, the Official Journal published Commission Implementing Regulation 2016/703 imposing a definitive anti-dumping duty on imports of certain ring binder mechanisms originating in the Chinese mainland, following an expiry review. It will be recalled that measures have been in force since 1997. Currently, the measures have been in force pursuant to Implementing Regulation 157/2010, which were scheduled to last until 2015. Following the publication of a notice of impending expiry of the anti-dumping measures in force, the Commission received a request for the initiation of an expiry review of these measures on 26 November 2014. The request was lodged by the Union producer Ring Alliance Ringbuchtechnik GmbH (‘the applicant’) said to be representing more than 25% of the total Union production of RBMs. The only Chinese exporting producer that made itself known to the Commission did reply to the questionnaire sent. The Chinese exporting producer subsequently informed the Commission of its decision to stop its cooperation within the investigation. The Commission informed the Chinese exporting producer and the Chinese authorities about its intention to apply Article 18 of the basic anti-dumping Regulation and to base its findings of the investigation on facts available. The investigation is said to have established the existence of dumping. In light of the estimated significant spare capacity in the Chinese mainland, combined with the attractiveness of the Union market in terms of size and sales price, in particular with regard to the price level of the Chinese mainland exports to third countries, and (according to the Commission) the records of past circumvention and absorption practices, the Commission concluded that there is a strong likelihood that the repeal of the anti-dumping measures would result in a significant increase of dumped imports of the product concerned.
Rates: The rate of the definitive anti-dumping duty shall be as follows. (a) for mechanisms with 17 and 23 rings (TARIC codes 8305100021, 8305100023, 8305100029 and 8305100035), the amount of duty shall be equal to the difference between the minimum import price of EUR 325 per 1000 pieces and the net, free-at-Community-frontier price, before duty; (b) for mechanisms other than those with 17 or 23 rings (TARIC codes 8305100011, 8305100013, 8305100019 and 8305100034), the rate of duty shall be 51.2% for World Wide Stationery Mfg, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China, and 78.8% for all other companies.
Dates: The Regulation entered into force on the day following that of its publication in the Official Journal.

Commodity: Citric acid currently falling within CN codes 2918 14 00 and ex 2918 15 00.
Countries/Economies: The Chinese mainland.
Action: On 12 May 2016, the Official Journal published Commission Implementing Regulation 2016/704 withdrawing the acceptance of the undertaking for two exporting producers and amending Implementing Decision 2015/87 accepting the undertakings offered in connection with the anti-dumping proceeding concerning imports of citric acid originating in the Chinese mainland. It will be recalled that the EU has imposed a definitive anti-dumping duty on imports of citric acid since 2008, by means of Regulation 1193/2008. Since then, following an expiry review and a partial interim review the Commission maintained the measures and amended their level by Implementing Regulation 2015/82. Following the reviews, the Commission accepted price undertakings, inter alia, from Weifang Ensign Industry Co., Ltd (Taric additional code A882) (‘Weifang’) and TTCA Co., Ltd (Taric additional code A878) (‘TTCA’) (the ‘exporting producers concerned’), together with the China Chamber of Commerce of Metals, Minerals and Chemicals Importers and Exporters (‘the Chamber’), by Implementing Decision 2015/87. Following an anti-circumvention investigation, the Commission extended the measures in force to imports of citric acid consigned from Malaysia by Implementing Regulation 2016/32 (‘the anti-circumvention investigation’). While monitoring compliance with the undertaking, the Commission verified information submitted by the exporting producers concerned that was relevant to the undertaking. The Commission assessed all findings and concluded that TTCA and Weifang had entered into a trading system leading to a risk of circumvention, concluding that breaches of the undertaking had occurred. This in turn justified the withdrawal of the acceptance of the undertaking for the two exporting producers concerned. In consequence, implementing Decision 2015/87 has also been amended.
Rates: Accordingly, the definitive anti-dumping duty imposed by Article 1 of Implementing Regulation 2015/82 shall apply to imports of the product concerned produced by the companies Weifang Ensign Industry Co., Ltd (Taric additional code A882), and TTCA Co., Ltd (Taric additional code A878).
Dates: Commission Implementing Regulation 2016/704 entered into force on the day following that of its publication in the Official Journal.

Commodity: Melamine, currently falling within CN code 2933 61 00.
Countries/Economies: The Chinese mainland
Action: On 11 May 2016, the Official Journal published a notice of initiation of an expiry review of the anti-dumping measures applicable to imports of melamine originating in the Chinese mainland. The measures currently in force are a definitive anti-dumping duty imposed by Council Implementing Regulation 457/2011. The request was lodged on 10 February 2016 by Borealis Agrolinz Melamine GmbH, OCI Nitrogen BV and Grupa Azoty Zaklady Azotow Pulawy SA (‘the applicants’) on behalf of producers said to be representing more than 25% of the total Union production of melamine. The applicants have apparently provided prima facie evidence that, should measures be allowed to lapse, the current import level of the product under review from the Chinese mainland to the EU is likely to increase due to the existence of substantial spare capacities in the Chinese mainland, and the attractiveness of the EU market in terms of, inter alia, the level of prices. The applicants furthermore allege that the removal of injury has been mainly due to the existence of measures and that any recurrence of substantial imports at dumped prices would likely lead to a recurrence of injury to the Union industry should measures be allowed to lapse. The Commission envisages using the sampling procedure, for the details and timelines of which the notice of initiation should be referred to.
Dates: Subject to the provisions of the notice, all interested parties are invited to make their views known, submit information and provide supporting evidence. Unless otherwise specified, this information and supporting evidence must reach the Commission within 37 days of the date of publication of the notice in the Official Journal. All interested parties may request to be heard by the Commission investigation services. Any request to be heard must be made in writing and must specify the reasons for the request. For hearings on issues pertaining to the initial stage of the investigation the request must be submitted within 15 days of the date of publication of the notice in the Official Journal. Thereafter, a request to be heard must be submitted within the specific deadlines set by the Commission in its communication with the parties. The investigation will be concluded within 15 months of the date of publication of the notice in the Official Journal.

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