10 Feb 2017
Commission Introduces New Ecodesign Rules for Certain Heating and Cooling Products
The European Commission has recently published Commission Regulation 2016/2281 establishing ecodesign requirements for the placing on the market of air heating products, cooling products, high temperature process chillers and fan coil units.
The Regulation was adopted on the basis of the 2009 Ecodesign Directive which mandates the Commission to set out requirements for energy-related products that are traded in significant volumes and for which design standards offer significant potential to reduce their environmental impact. The imposition of such standards should not lead to excessive costs according to the Commission.
Hong Kong’s manufacturers exporting any of the products listed in the Regulation into the EU are advised to carefully examine the new measures’ text including all the annexes.
The new measures apply to:
- air heating products with a rated heating capacity not exceeding 1 MW;
- cooling products and high temperature process chillers with a rated cooling capacity not exceeding 2 MW; and
- fan coil units.
In addition, so as to fall within the Regulation’s scope, the products must use gaseous fuels, liquid fuels or electricity. Products using solid fuels or predominantly designed for biomass fuels are therefore not included.
Hong Kong suppliers of other electrical appliances should take note that products which are already subject to other ecodesign measures - such as local space heaters, air conditioners, comfort fans and professional refrigerated storage cabinets - have also been excluded from the new Regulation’s scope.
For precise definitions on the products included in the new measure, manufacturers and exporters should refer to Article 1 and 2 and Annex I of Commission Regulation 2016/2281. As for the technical standards introduced by the Regulation, reference should be made to Annex II of the Regulation. The corresponding timeline for their introduction is set out in Article 3.
From 1 January 2018:
- Air heating products must comply with the requirements set out in point (1)(a) and point (5) of Annex II;
- Cooling products must comply with the requirements set out in point (2)(a) and point (5) of Annex II;
- High temperature process chillers shall comply with the requirements set out in point (3)(a) and point (5) of Annex II;
- Fan coil units must comply with the requirements set out in point (5) of Annex II.
In addition, from 26 September 2018, air heating products must comply with the requirements set out in point (4)(a) of Annex II, relating to emissions of nitrogen oxides.
Thereafter, a deadline of 1 January 2021 applies for the introduction of more stringent ecodesign requirements, as specified in Article 3 of the Regulation and Annex II. Manufacturer-exporters should make sure that they comply with the respective requirements by this date.
In addition, from 1 January 2018, energy efficiency levels and other product information specified in part 5 of Annex II will have to be disclosed in instruction manuals and provided free of charge on manufacturers’ websites.
Manufacturers are also required to provide information on disassembly, recycling and/or disposal to limit the products’ harmful environmental effects.
Equally, all manufacturers will have to ensure that an appropriate conformity assessment procedure is conducted in accordance with Article 4, providing a choice between the internal design control outlined in Annex IV of the 2009 Ecodesign Directive and the management system set out in Annex V of the same Directive.
Member States’ market surveillance authorities, when checking for product compliance, will have to apply the verification procedure that is set out in Annex IV to Regulation 2016/2281.
To ensure that information on the environmental performance of air heating products, cooling products, high temperature process chillers and fan coil units is widely available, the Commission has set out benchmarks for best available technologies.
The Commission has also committed itself to carrying out a review of the measures implemented in the Regulation before 1 January 2021 to ensure they are keeping pace with technological progress.
The ecodesign requirements set out for the four types of product are expected to bring annual energy savings of approximately 203 PJ (5 Mtoe), corresponding to 9 Mt of carbon dioxide, by 2030. They are also expected to reduce annual nitrogen oxide emissions by 2.6 Mt SOx equivalent by 2030.
Please click on the following to view Commission Regulation 2016/2281.