13 April 2018
Argentina Announces New Requirements for Electrical Equipment
Argentina has unveiled a new regulatory regime to ensure that electrical equipment commercialised in the country provides an adequate level of protection to consumers, property and household pets. The new requirements apply to electrical equipment with a nominal input and/or output voltage between 50 and 1,000 volts in alternating current, and between 75 and 1,500 volts in direct current, as well as power supplies, chargers and transformers operating within those currents.
Excluded from these requirements are (i) electrical equipment designed exclusively for motor vehicles, boats, aircraft, trains and other means of transport; (ii) electrical equipment designed exclusively for the oil, nuclear and aerospace sectors; (iii) electrical equipment designed for use in an explosive atmosphere; (iv) electrical equipment subject to other regulatory requirements; (v) electrical equipment for radiological and other medical purposes; (vi) lamps with a power output exceeding 1,000 watts; (vii) electrical equipment and apparatus with a power consumption exceeding 5 kVA, with the exception of household appliances; (viii) power generation equipment and electric motors with a nominal power output exceeding 5 kVA; (ix) electrical and electronic materials and apparatus with a nominal operating current exceeding 63 amps; (x) electrical equipment entering the country under the courier or postal regimes; and (xi) electrical equipment entering the country as samples, temporary importations or under the transit regime.
Importers of subject merchandise must ensure that their products comply with all applicable safety, labelling, certification and other requirements. With regard to safety, subject merchandise must be designed and manufactured in accordance with any applicable IRAM or IEC standards so as to ensure adequate protection from various hazards, including dangerous temperature increases, arcs or radiation, other injury hazards stemming from direct or indirect contact with the product, as well as non-electric hazards. Subject merchandise must also have an adequate mechanical performance and be able to withstand non-mechanical effects under foreseeable conditions.
With regard to labelling, imported electrical equipment must include information in Spanish on (i) the country of origin; (ii) name of the manufacturer and registered commercial brand; and (iii) model, type number, lot, series or any other information that allows the product to be identified. At least the brand and model must be on the product in an easily distinguishable and indelible fashion and all other required information must be on the product, its primary packaging or the user’s manual. The importer must also have the applicable safety certificate (or, in the case of exempt products, a sworn declaration of conformity) and comply with certain other requirements. Additionally, the regulation sets forth specific provisions for electrical equipment that must be adapted to comply with all relevant connector geometry and/or plug-cable connector and/or information requirements.
The new requirements are scheduled to enter into force on 27 May. Through 31 December 2019, subject merchandise must undergo conformity assessment in accordance with (i) certification System 4, which is based on type testing and checking of samples taken from the market and/or the production site; (ii) certification System 5, which is based on an evaluation of the manufacturer’s quality management system and the testing of samples taken from the production line; or (iii) certification System 7, which requires every imported lot to be tested to ensure regulatory compliance. Beginning on 1 January 2020, subject merchandise must undergo conformity assessment in accordance with System 5 or System 7, although Argentinean authorities may allow the use of System 4 whenever warranted.