11 March 2016
Brazil Bans Cadmium and Lead in Jewellery, Adopts or Proposes Requirements on Other Products
INMETRO recently adopted a regulation (Directive 43/2016) prohibiting the sale in Brazil of jewellery containing more than 0.01 percent by weight of cadmium and/or more than 0.03 percent by weight of lead. Importers and manufacturers will not be allowed to sell non-compliant merchandise by 26 January 2019 and retailers and other parties will be barred from selling non-compliant merchandise from 26 January 2021.
The ban covers children and adult jewellery sold by itself or as part of another product. The term “jewellery” includes any adornment for males or females, whether or not made of metal, whose use may put the product in contact with the human body, such as hair accessories, bracelets, necklaces, rings, piercings, adornments worn on a person’s wrist (including watches), cufflinks and earrings. Also included are metal beads and other metal components intended for the manufacture of jewellery pieces. Jewellery sold in Brazil may include on its individual or collective packaging information on the cadmium and lead levels permitted under Directive 43/2016.
INMETRO has also has taken the following actions in recent weeks of potential interest to Hong Kong and mainland Chinese exporters.
- Infant Cribs
INMETRO has approved through Directive 53/2016 new technical requirements for infant cribs. The new standard includes definitions, general requirements, technical requirements, marking and other information provisions, requirements regarding use instructions, and conformity assessment requirements. Excluded from the scope of this standard are portable cribs with handles (also known as Moses cribs), cribs used in hospitals, lounge chairs and certain other items. Imported and domestically-produced cribs will be required to comply with the requirements of Directive 53/2016 by 2 August 2017, importers and domestic producers will not be able to sell non-compliant merchandise by 2 February 2018, and retailers and other parties will not be able to sell non-compliant merchandise by 2 February 2019.
- Spring Mattresses
INMETRO has amended through Directive 52/2016 the technical quality requirements for spring mattresses. The new standard includes definitions, general and technical requirements, labelling and packaging requirements, use instructions and conformity assessment procedures. Imported and domestically-produced mattresses will be required to comply with these requirements by 2 August 2017, importers and domestic producers will not be able to sell non-compliant merchandise by 2 February 2018, and retailers and other parties will not be able to sell non-compliant merchandise by 2 February 2019.
- Water Consumption Equipment
INMETRO has extended from 24 January to 24 July 2016 the deadline for imported and domestically-produced water consumption equipment to comply with the conformity assessment requirements of Directive 344/2014. Importers and domestic producers will not be able to sell non-compliant merchandise by 24 July 2017 and retailers and other parties will not be able to sell non-compliant merchandise by 24 July 2018.
- LED Lamps
INMETRO has extended from 17 December 2015 to 17 February 2016 the deadline for LED lamps for household use with an integrated device base or body, designed for network operation distribution, that are imported into Brazil or manufactured domestically to comply with the conformity assessment requirements of Directive 144/2015. Importers and manufacturers will not be allowed to sell non-compliant merchandise by 17 June 2016, and retailers and other parties will be barred from selling non-compliant merchandise 17 March 2017 (17 September 2017 for small and micro enterprises). Subject lamps must be certified using certification Systems 5 or 7.
- Certain Health Equipment
INMETRO has amended the conformity assessment procedures for equipment regulated under the sanitary surveillance regime, including equipment and parts and accessories thereof intended for medical, dental, laboratory and physiotherapy applications that are used directly or indirectly for diagnostic, treatment, rehabilitation and monitoring purposes in humans, as well as equipment used for beautification and aesthetic applications. Subject merchandise must be certified using certification System 5, which is based on an evaluation of the manufacturer’s quality management system and the testing of samples taken from the production line.
INMETRO has adopted new metrological technical requirements for non-invasive sphygmomanometers for measuring blood pressure in humans. Type approval and initial verifications must be carried out no later than 22 July 2017.
- Glass Beakers
INMETRO has extended from 3 December 2015 to 3 December 2016 the deadline to comply with the metrological requirements of Directive 528/2014 for certain glass beakers with a volume of 100 millimetres and a standard mouth and lid. These requirements were adopted in an effort to provide more reliable measurements of anhydrous ethanol added to gasoline, in accordance to the specifications of the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels.
- Certain Vehicles
INMETRO is seeking input by 2 April on a proposal to establish new technical requirements for vehicles designed to carry a container as well as container fixation devices.