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Canada Considering Stricter Energy Efficiency Standards for Heating/Ventilation Products

The Canadian government is seeking input from interested parties by 29 December on a proposal to adopt more stringent mandatory energy performance standards, testing standards and reporting requirements for a range of heating and ventilation products, including furnaces, boilers, water heaters, fireplaces and ventilators. These regulatory amendments are designed to (i) introduce minimum energy performance standards, labelling and reporting requirements for seven new product categories; (ii) introduce more stringent minimum energy performance standards and/or update testing standards for four currently regulated product categories; and (iii) introduce labelling and reporting requirements for one new product category. Expected to result in an annual reduction of 0.92 megatonnes of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, these amendments are the third of several planned amendments to support Canada’s 2030 greenhouse gas emission reduction target and the transition to a low-carbon economy.

Key provisions of the proposed rule are summarised below.

  • Electric Furnaces
    For electric furnaces manufactured on or after 3 July 2019, minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) applicable to the electrical consumption of a furnace fan would be set at levels that will apply on that same date in the United States. Performance would be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States.
  • Commercial Gas Boilers
    For commercial gas boilers manufactured on or after 1 January 2023, the MEPS would be set at condensing technology levels and performance would be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States. The proposed MEPS are set at levels currently in place in Ontario for new construction.
  • Gas-Fired Instantaneous Water Heaters
    For household and commercial instantaneous gas-fired water heaters manufactured on or after 1 January 2020, the MEPS would be set at condensing technology levels equivalent to current ENERGY STAR performance levels. Performance would be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States.
  • Oil-Fired Boilers
    For commercial oil-fired boilers manufactured on or after 1 January 2023, the MEPS would be set at levels proposed in the U.S. Department of Energy pre-published final rule on 28 December 2016. Performance would be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States.
  • Electric Water Heaters
    For commercial electric water heaters manufactured on or after 1 January 2020, the MEPS would be set at levels that are currently in place in the United States and performance would be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States.
  • Gas-Fired Storage Water Heaters
    For commercial gas-fired storage water heaters manufactured on or after 1 January 2020, the MEPS would be set at (i) levels that are currently in place in the United States, in the case of residential-duty commercial units marked as replacement units; (ii) the current standby loss level (although at a slightly higher thermal efficiency level) in place in the United States, in the case of non-residential-duty commercial units marked as replacement units; and (iii) condensing technology levels, in the case of all other products. Performance would be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States.
  • Oil-Fired Water Heaters
    For commercial oil-fired water heaters manufactured on or after 1 January 2020, the MEPS would be set at levels that are currently in place in the United States and performance would be measured in accordance with testing standards aligned with those of the United States.
  • Gas Boilers
    For household gas boilers manufactured on or after 15 January 2021, the MEPS would be set at the condensing technology level equivalent to the current ENERGY STAR performance level and performance would be measured in accordance with an updated testing standard aligned with that of the United States.
  • Gas Fireplaces
    For heating gas fireplaces manufactured on or after 1 January 2020, MEPS and prescriptive requirements would be adopted for pilots. For decorative gas fireplaces manufactured on or after 1 January 2020, prescriptive requirements would be adopted for pilots, main burner operation and combustion air. The proposed requirements are designed to achieve similar outcomes as those that will apply in British Columbia on 1 January 2019, with differences resulting from the proposed use of more prescriptive requirements for decorative gas fireplaces than those in British Columbia.
  • Gas Furnaces
    For gas furnaces manufactured on or after 3 July 2019, the exclusion given to gas furnaces for mobile homes would be removed and an exclusion would be added for park model trailers. Additionally, the annual fuel use efficiency MEPS would be increased to the current ENERGY STAR performance level, except for gas furnaces that are marked for use in a relocatable building. Performance would be measured in accordance with an updated testing standard aligned with that of the United States.
  • Oil-Fired Boilers
    For household oil-fired boilers manufactured on or after 15 January 2021, the MEPS would be set at levels that will apply on that same date in the United States. The existing testing standards are also being updated but would remain aligned with those of the United States.
  • Ventilators
    For heat-recovery ventilators and energy-recovery ventilators manufactured on or after 1 January 2020, the submission of energy efficiency reports and importation reports would be required. Performance would be measured in accordance with testing standards currently required for ENERGY STAR certification.
Content provided by Picture: HKTDC Research
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