21 Sept 2018
No Additional Mainland Chinese Products Included in Forced/Child Labour List
The U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of International Labor Affairs has issued an updated list of goods and countries of origin that the Bureau has reason to believe are produced by child labour or forced labour in violation of international standards. ILAB is required to develop and make available to the public this list pursuant to the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act, as amended. ILAB issued its initial list on 10 September 2009 and has since published eight updated editions. The list now includes a total of 148 goods from 76 countries.
The 2018 edition adds amber, bovines, cabbages, carrots, cereal grains, lettuce, mica, peppers, sheep and sweet potatoes from particular countries as well as the country of Eswatini (formerly Swaziland). It also removes physic nuts from Burma (Myanmar) produced by forced labour, sugarcane from Panama produced by child labour, and cotton from both Paraguay and Uzbekistan produced by child labour.
No mainland Chinese products were added to or removed from the most recent list. The list currently includes a range of products made in the mainland, namely artificial flowers (forced labour), bricks (child and forced labour), Christmas decorations (forced labour), coal (forced labour), cotton (child and forced labour), electronics (child and forced labour), fireworks (child and forced labour), footwear (forced labour), garments (forced labour), nails (forced labour), textiles (child labour) and toys (child and forced labour). The list also includes key products from several large or significant U.S. suppliers, including garments from Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam; cotton from Azerbaijan, Benin, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Egypt, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan; footwear from Bangladesh, Brazil, India, Indonesia (only sandals), Turkey and Vietnam; textiles from Bangladesh, Cambodia, India (embellished) and Vietnam; and leather or leather goods from Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Vietnam. The list does not include any products made in Hong Kong.